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Swimming Lessons in SIngapore

Swimsafer Theory Answers
Environmental Awareness
Which of the following should you do to stay safe during kayaking?
a. Wear a Personal Floatation Device (PFD)
b. Check the weather condition before the start of the activity
c. Look out for strong winds, waves, rocks and reefs
d. All of the above

The warning signs at the river, reservoir, park or beach, tell us about the ______________________________.
a) toilets nearby
b) shelters nearby
c) tourist attractions in the area
d) possible dangers in the area

Which of the following lists the dangers in open water?
a) Rip currents
b) Strong and large waves
c) Watercraft such as boats and jet skis
d) All of the above

Which of the following is NOT a correct way of getting into a swimming pool safely?
a) Wading into the water slowly
b) Climbing down the pool ladder
c) Diving into the water without checking the depth of the water
d) Sitting on the edge facing the water and lowering your body into it feet first

Which of the following guidelines should you observe when you are the beach?
a) Swim along the shoreline
b) Swim between the red and yellow flags
c) Put on proper swim wear before swimming
d) All of the above

If you are unable to see the bottom of a river, reservoir, stream or quarry, which of the following lists some of the dangers there?
a) Big ships and vessels
b) No danger since nothing can be seen
c) Underwater objects, rocks, weeds, muddy bottom, and unknown depth
d) None of the above

Everyone on board a watercraft should wear a Personal Floatation Device (PFD).
a) True
b) False

Which of the following should a child do when he sees an uncovered bucket full of water in the toilet?
a) Play with the water
b) Ignore it and walk away
c) Get an adult to empty the bucket
d) Pour half of the water into another bucket and get an adult to empty the bucket

Which of the following is a way of checking the strength of a river current?
a) Jumping into the river to feel its current
b) Leaning forward from the bank of the river and using one hand to feel its current
c) Throwing in a stick and seeing how quickly it flows down the river
d) None of the above

Which of the following should you NOT do at the beach?
a) Dive into the water
b) Swim without supervision
c) Jump off rocks
d) All of the above

Which of the following is where you can find out more about the rules at a swimming pool?
a) The signs around the pool area
b) The safety symbols along the poolside
c) The pool lifeguards or staff
d) All of the above

A good swimmer does not need to wear a Personal Floatation device (PFD) during a watercraft activity.
a) True
b) False

Which of the following is a tip for staying safe at the beach?
a) Swim at a beach with lifeguards
b) Read and obey warning signs before entering the water
c) Always swim under the supervision of a responsible adult
d) All of the above

At a condominium pool with no lifeguards on duty, someone is struggling in the water. Which of the following is the most suitable person to approach for help?
a) The Police Coast Guard
b) The Singapore Navy
c) The nearest adult passer-by
d) None of the above

Which of the following should you NOT do before entering the pool?
a) Have a shower
b) Have a heavy meal
c) Apply sunscreen
d) None of the above

Which of the following weather conditions should you be avoided for outdoor swimming?
a) A sunny and bright day
b) A clear and windy day
c) A clear day with a lightning risk alert
d) All of the above

It is always safe to dive into the river or sea because open water is deeper than a swimming pool.
a) True
b) False

Which of the following is where you should swim at a designated beach?
a) Anywhere
b) In front of ships
c) Next to a motor boat
d) In between the red and yellow flags

An eight year old boy was invited for a swim at the pool. Should he inform his parents?
a) Yes, he should inform his parents and ask them for permission.
b) No, he should be able to swim without adult supervision.

Which of the following should you NOT do when you visit a beach, lake or river overseas?
a) Go alone and swim unsupervised
b) Ask a local if you are unsure of the current conditions
c) Only participate in activities such as swimming and canoeing in designated recreational areas
d) Scan carefully for obstacles and other potential dangers before you consider entering the water safely.

Which of the following should you look out for when you are on board a boat or cruise ship?
a) The nearest exit from your location
b) The location of the life jacket
c) The safety booklet of the boat or cruise ship
d) All of the above

Which of the following is a possible danger at a canal after a storm?
a) No danger
b) Shark attack
c) Fast flowing water
d) None of the above

Which of the following is the most suitable person to approach for assistance at the pool?
a) A stranger
b) A child
c) A lifeguard
d) None of the above

Which of the following items in and around the home may pose a danger to a child?
a) A bathtub filled with water
b) A large fish tank filled with water
c) A large bucket filled with water
d) All of the above.

Health Awareness
Which of the following should you do to protect yourself against harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays?
a) Apply sunscreen
b) Wear sun protection accessories
c) Avoid the strongest rays of the day
d) All of the above

You should not swim when you feel unwell.
a) True
b) False

You should reapply sunscreen every two hours during water activities.
a) True
b) False

You are swimming for more than an hour. Which of the following states how often you should drink to stay hydrated?
a) Only before the session
b) Before, during and after the session
c) Not necessary to hydrate since you are in the water
d) Only after the session

You should not swim if you have an open wound on your body.
a) True
c) False

If you have a medical condition such as asthma or a heart problem, which of the following must you do when you are swimming at a public pool?
a) Swim as usual
b) Swim as long as you feel fine
c) Swim as long as you have taken your medication
d) Inform the lifeguard about your condition

Avoid the sun between ___________ when the ultraviolet index is the highest.
a) 1 and 3 a.m.
b) 7 and 9 a.m.
c) 12 and 2 p.m.
d) 7 and 9 p.m.

If you vomit in the pool or see someone who has vomited in the pool, which of the following must you do?
a) Swim away from the vomitus
b) Push the vomitus away
c) Alert the lifeguard or pool staff immediately
d) Ignore the vomitus and continue swimming

You will still get dehydrated during swimming because your body will perspire in the water.
a) True
b) False

You should not ____________ in the swimming pool.
a) urinate
b) use a float
c) wear a swim cap
d) wear a pair of goggles

Which of the following is a benefit of swimming?
a) It helps build stamina
b) It helps build strength
c) It helps build water confidence
d) All of the above

Which of the following should you do when using sunscreen?
a) Use water-resistant sunscreen
b) Use sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher
c) Reapply often and especially during prolonged activities in the water
d) All of the above

Principles of Personal Safety and Survival
A child can swim alone if he or she has taken swimming lessons.
a) True
b) False

The Personal Floatation Device (PFD) is used to keep a conscious person afloat.
a) True
b) False

When you are thrown off a boat without a Personal Floatation Device (PFD), you can use your clothing to make a float for survival
a) True
b) False

You should wear a Personal Floatation Device (PFD) when canoeing.
a) True
b) False

Which of the following is part of the Water Smart Code?
a) Go Together
b) Know the Dangers
c) Take Safety Advice
d) All of the above

Before diving into the pool, you must ensure that ____________
a) the water is clear
b) the water is unclear
c) the water is clear and deep
d) the water is clear and shallow

Which of the following activities requires you to put on a Personal Floatation Device (PFD)?
a) Showering
b) Kayaking
c) Playing at the beach
d) All of the above

In case of emergency in the water, which of the following numbers should you call?
a) 957
b) 911
c) 958
d) 995

Which of the following should you do if you experience cramp in the water?
a) Panic and cry
b) Scream and shout
c) Pull and hold on the nearest person to you
d) Relax, roll onto your back and wave for help with one arm

If someone needs help in the water, you should _____________
a) walk away
b) watch from the side and do nothing
c) jump in immediately to save the person
d) throw an object that can float to the person

Which of the following is a sign of dehydration?
a) Increased thirst
b) Increased body temperature
c) Sudden feeling of tiredness
d) All of the above

Emergency Situations and Survival Techniques
Which of the following is a distress signal
a) Swimming under-water
b) Immersing your head in the water
c) Waving your arms and shouting for help
d) None of the above

If you drifted out to the ocean alone, which of the following should you do?
a) Stay calm and do not panic
b) Hold anything that will help you float
c) Look out and listen for any incoming aircraft or ships, and draw their attention by splashing around in the water and waving and shouting for help
d) All of the above

One of the reasons why someone needs to swim underwater is to find an object.
a) True
b) False

Which of the following describes the Heat Escape Lessening Posture (H.E.L.P.)?
a) It is a technique used when performing a rescue
b) It is a technique used when wearing a Personal Floatation Device (PFD)
c) It is a position used to call for help easily
d) It is a position used to save energy and prevent heat loss in a cold water immersion

If you were to fall off a boat in the ocean fully clothed without a Personal Floatation Device (PFD), which of the following should you do?
a) Remove heavy items of clothing that is heavy
b) Leave on a layer of clothing to minimise heat loss
c) Inflate your pants or shirt/jacket to use as a floatation aid
d) All of the above

In a deep water emergency situation, you should remove items of clothing that are too heavy.
a) True
b) False

If you were swept out by a current, which of the following should you do to retain body heat?
a) Remain as still as possible
b) Avoid immersing your head in the water
c) Adopt the Heat Escape Lessening Posture (H.E.L.P.)
d) All of the above

Which of the following should you do if you were caught in a fast-flowing river?
a) Remain calm and swim underwater
b) Remain calm and swim against the current
c) Remain calm and try to float feet first in a half-sitting position
d) All of the above

If you were swept out by a current, which of the following should you do to save energy?
a) Swim the butterfly stroke
b) Swim against the current
c) Keep your arms out of the water
d) Hold anything that will help you float

Which of the following stroke can be used to save energy in a deep water emergency?
a) Survival sidestroke
b) Survival backstroke
c) Survival breaststroke
d) All of the above

Treading water is a survival technique in a deep water survival situation.
a) True
b) False

Which of the following should you do when performing survival swimming?
a) Adopt the Heat Escape Lessening Posture (H.E.L.P) or huddle position
b) Remain calm, breathe regularly and swim with slow relaxed strokes
c) Change position and stroke to save energy and avoid overusing your muscles
d) All of the above

Rescue
If you are not confident to rescue someone in trouble in the water, which of the following should you do?
a) Use a mobile phone to contact a friend for help
b) Walk away quietly as you are not confident
c) Perform the rescue even though you are not confident
d) Alert a lifeguard or an adult passer-by for help or call 995 for assistance

Which of the following shows the correct sequence of the four As in any rescue?
a) Awareness, Action, Aftercare, Assessment
b) Awareness, Assessment, Action, Aftercare
c) Assessment, Action, Aftercare, Awareness
d) Assessment, Awareness, Action, Aftercare

Which of the following describes a non-swimmer victim?
a) May submerge for periods of time
b) Assumes a vertical position in the water
c) Struggles desperately with grabbing and climbing actions
d) All of the above

An unconscious victim may be facing up or down in the water and is not moving.
a) True
b) False

One of the four As in rescue is ___________.
a) Assessment
b) Amazement
c) Amusement
d) Astonishment

Which of the following can be used to perform a throw rescue?
a) A water bottle
b) fire extinguisher
c) A pair of shoes
d) A float

Which of the following is a situation for using a talk rescue?
a) When the person is conscious
b) When the person is close enough to the rescuer
c) When the person is capable of responding to instructions
d) All of the above

If you cannot swim, which of the following rescue techniques should you use?
a) Talk rescue
b) Contact tow
c) Swim rescue
d) Non-contact tow

A child should inform a lifeguard immediately when he or she sees someone struggling in the pool.
a) True
b) False

Which of the following is a dry rescue technique?
a) Tow rescue
b) Wade rescue
c) Throw rescue
d) Accompany rescue

Swimsafer Stage Checker

Just a few questions, you will be able to know which stage your child can go.

Can you submerge your head in water?

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